Tuesday, January 02, 2007

Chicago: Notable Buildings

THE LOOP:
[1] Grant Park:
It is built on landfill in the 1920, according to Daniel Burnham’s Chicago Plan of 1909.It is the site of city’s annual musical galas like Jazz, Blues and Gospel festivals and also the Taste of Chicago.

[2] The Bowman and Spearman:
Two statues on horseback mark’s the entrance to Grant Park.

[3] Clarence Buckingham Fountain:
In 1927, Kate Buckingham presented this Beaux Arts fountain to the city in honor of her brother Clarence. It symbolizes Lake Michigan. Four bronze sea-horses represent four states that border the lake, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota and Michigan. Designer: Bennett, Parsons and Frost.

[4] Amoco Building: 1974
[200 East Randolph Drive]
Designer: Edward Durell Stone with the Perkins & Wills.

[5] Prudential Building: 1955
[130 E Randolph Streets]
Designer: Naess & Murphy
Gray limestone and aluminum structure.

[6] Two Prudential Plaza: ‘Two-Pru’:
[1990 N Stetson Ave]
Designer: Loebl Schlossman & Hacki
Have various shades of gray granite and tinted glass.

[7] 333 North Michigan Avenue: 1928
First Art Deco skyscraper
Desinger: Holabird & Root, based on Eliel Saarinen’s second prize design for tribune Tower.

[8] 360 N. Michigan Avenue: 1923:
Alfred S. Alschuler’s Neo-Classical skyscraper.

[9] Seventeenth Church of Christ Scientist: 1968.
[55 E. Wacker Drive]
Designed by Harry Weese & Associates. This travertine marble church was curved to fit the site.

[10] 35 E. Wacker Drive: 1926 [jewelers' Blg]
[ N Wabash Avn.]
Designer: Helmut Jahn. 17-storyed building has JB worked into Neo-Baroque ornament throughout, as it was originally a Jewelers Building.

[11] Leo Burnett Building: 1989
[35 W. Wacker Drive at N Dearborn Station]
Designer: Robert A.M.Stern.

[12] 225 W. Wacker Drive: 1989
N Franklin St.
Designer: Kohn Pedersen Fox.

[13] 333 W.Wacker Drive: 1983.
Designer; Kohn Pedersen Fox Sheer green glass bowed to follow and reflect Chicago’s river curve.

[14] Presidential Towers: 1986:
[555-625 W.Madison St. ]
Complex of four 49-story apartment.

[15] Riverside Plaza: 1929:
[400 W. Madison St., at N canal St.]
Designer: Holabird & Root
Built right over train tracks leading into Union Station, the train smoke I vented through the roof.

[16] Civic Opera House: 1920:
[20 N.Wacker Drive, between W Madison and W.Washington Sts]
Architects: Graham Andresen, Probst & White.
Has lavishly decorated Art-Deco auditorium.

[17] Chicago Mercantile Exchange:
[30 S. Wacker Drive, between W Monroe and W. Madison]
This is the most boisterous of city’s many trading exchanges. Futures and options on agricultural commodities [think pork bellies], foreign currencies, interest rates, stock market indices and gold are traded.

[18] 311 S. Wacker Drive: 1990
[Between Van Buren St. and W Jackson Blvd]
Architect: Kohn Pedersen Fox.

[19] Sears Tower: 1974
Architects: Skidmore, Owings and Merrill.
[Bounded by W Jackson Blvd and W Adam St, and S Franklin St and S Wacker Dr]
1,453 feet, 110 floors, Skydeck at 103rd floor.
Innovative structural system consists of nine square tubes that together form a larger square. The tubes rise to different levels. Only two of them continue all the way to the top.

[20] AT&T Corporate Centre: 1989
[227 W. Monroe St. at S. Franklin St]
Architect: Skidmore, Owing and Merrill.

[21] 303 W Madison Street: 1988
[St. Franklin St]
Architect: Skidmore. Owings and Merrill.

[22] One S Wacker Drive: 1982
[ W Madison St]
Architect: Helmut Jahn

[23]James R. Thompson Centre: 1985
[Bounded by W Randolph and W Lake Sts, and N Clark and N LaSalle Sts.]
Architect: Murphy/ Jahn
Office for taxes, renewal of drivers licenses and postal servies.

[24] City Hall- County Building: 1911.
Architect: Holabird and Roche
Massive Neo-Classical structure.
Mayor’s office.

[25] Richard J. Daley Centre: 1965
Designed: C F Murphy Assossiates.
Civil courts and city and county offices .
The site has many civic gatherings both organized and spontaneous.
The plaza is home to the Cor-Ten steel Chicago Picasso, installed in 1967. This 50-foot high Cubist sculpture is an abstraction of women’s head.

[26] Rookery Building: 1888
[209 S LaSalle St, at W Adams St]
Designer: Burnham & Root
It has rusticated masonry base, Romanesque arches and Moorish and Venetian details
The building was restored in 1990 by Mc Clier Corporation and Hasbrouck Peterson Associates.

[27] Chicago Temple: 1923
[77 W Washington St]
Designer: Holabird and Roche.
It’s the first Methodist Church of Chicago.

[28] Chicago Board of Trade:
[141 W Jackson Blvd]
1930: Holabird & Root
1980: Murphy/ Jahn‘s addition.
This Art-Deco monument of commerce is equivalent to New York’s Wall Street.
The board was founded by 82 merchants in 1848 to stabilize grain prices and create a regulated marketplace. The institution’s agrarian focus is represented by:
- a 30-foot statue of Ceres, the Roman Goddess of grain, by sculptor John Storr
- Relief sculptors flanking the huge clock over the entrance: a hooded figure holds a shaft of wheat and an Indian holds a stalk of corn.

[29] Chicago Board Options Exchange: 1985
[400 S LaSalle St , W Van Buren St]
Architect: Skidmore, Owing and Merrill
It’s the country’s largest exchange for trading stock options.

A pedestrian bridge that spans Van Buren Street, links Chicago Board of Trade with Chicago Board Options Exchange. This creates the largest continuous trading floor area in the US.

[30] Midwest Stock Exchange:
Buyers and sellers –through their agents- gather to trade stocks of American and foreign businesses. Organized in 1882, it is the second largest exchange in the US and ranks fifth in the world. It is electronically linked with other major US cities.

SOUTH LOOP / BURNHAM PARK:
South Loop is bordered by Congress parkway [north], Cermak Road [south], Lake Michigan [east] and Chicago River [west].
The south loop boasts of:
- Shedd Aquarium
- Field Museum
- Adler planetarium
- Soldier Field
- Mc Cormick Place
- Dearborn park
- Burnham Harbor and
- Meigs Field

Soldier Field:
It’s the home of Chicago Bears football team.
Originally constructed in 1926 by Holabird & Roche, as a war memorial, the stadium has since been remodeled to accommodate football team.

Field Museum of Natural History:
Endowed by Marshall Field Sr., it was designed by D H Burnham & Co. and Graham, Anderson, Probst & White, to resemble Greek temple- the ultimate architectural form of that time. Harry Weese & Associates planned the 1975 extension.

John G Shedd Aquarium: 1930
The world’s largest indoor aquarium was a gift of John G Shedd, Chairman of the board of Marshall Field & Company. Designed by Graham, Anderson, Probst & White.

Adler Planetarium: 1930
This pink granite dodecahedron [each of 12 sides representing sign of the zodiac], designed in 1930 by Ernest A. Grunsfeld Jr., was the country’s first planetarium. It was financed by Sears, Roebuck & Company executive, Max Adler.

Meigs Field: 1947
Named after Merrill C. Meigs, publisher of Chicago Herald and the Chicago American, this airport is used by small commuter airlines and private planes.

McCormick Place: 1971
Architect: Gene Summers
It holds some of the largest conventions in the country, like the annual auto and boat shows.

Burnham Harbor:
From early May to late October, anyone is permitted to launch a boat from here.


MAGNIFICIENT MILE:
Glitzy and ritzy, the magnificent mile is a shopper’s dream come true.
The avenues anchored at its southern tip by the Gothic Tribune Tower and the terra-cotta-clad Wrigley Building and at its northern tip by the palatial Drake hotel and the polished-pink-granite complex know as One Magnificent Mile.

Much of this part of town was under water until a hundred years ago, when a seedy character who called himself Captain Streeter ran a boat aground off Chicago Avenue. When he could not free the boat, he began his own land-fill project. Its growth has been linked to adjacent Near North side, which was being settled in the late 19th century by wealthy citizens.
The 1920 opening of Michigan Avenue Bridge connecting the city’s north and south side was a major spurt in growth. But the major development was in late 1960’s and early 1970’s.

Water Tower: 1969
[800 N Michigan Avn., between E Pearson St and E Chicago Avn]
Architect: WW Boington.
Imitation of Gothic Style, it is one of the few buildings that survived the Great Fire of 1871.

Fourth Presbyterian Church: 1914
Architect: Ralph Adams Cram
Gothic revival church, the ceiling murals were designed by Frederic C Bartlett.

John Hancock Center: Big John: 1970
[875 N Michigan Avenue, between E Delaware and E Chestnut St]
Architect: Skidmore, Owing & Merrill
Its dramatic cross-bracing is part of an ingenious framing system that creates a rigid tube-like tower structurally efficient and resistant to wind.
Observatory at 94th floor
Signature Room: 95th floor
Images Lounge: 96th floor

919 N Michigan Avenue: 1930
Architect: Holabird and Root
Skidmore Owing and Merrill restored it to Art Deco elegance.
Also known as Palmolive building and later the Playboy building.
This limestone building is one of city’s most beautiful Art Deco skyscrapers.

Drake Hotel: 1920
Architect: Benjamin Marshall
This hotel has played host to kings, queens and presidents. It has 535 rooms.

One Magnificent Mile: 1983
[940-980 N Michigan Avn., between E Oak and E Walton St]
Architect: Skidmore, Owing and Merrill
It has three hexagonal cubes of polished pink granite – variously 21, 49 and 58 stories high.
Three vertical malls:
- Water Tower Place
- 900 N Michigan Avenue
- Chicago Place

Water Tower Place: 1976
[835 N Michigan Av., between E Chestnut and E Pearson]
Designer: Loebl Schlossman Dart and Hacki with C F Murphy Associates.
This marble clad reinforced building is one of the first and most successful vertical shopping malls in the country.

900 N Michigan Avenue: 1989
Architect: Kohn Pederson Fox and Perkin & Will
It has the Bloomingdale and Four Seasons hotel.

Chicago Place: 1990
[700 N Michigan Av, between E Huron and E Superior]
Architect:
8 story-retail mall: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
272-room apartment tower: Solomon Cordwell Buenz & Associates.

City Place: 1990
[678 N Michigan Avenue at E Huron St]
Architect: Loebl Schlossman & Hacki
Red granite and blue reflective and tinted glass.

Wrigley Building: 1922
[400 N Michigan Avn, near Chicago river]
Architect: Graham, Anderson, Probst & White
The clock tower has been distinctive landmark at the gateway of N Michigan Avn.

Tribune Tower: 1924
[435 N Michigan Avenue]
Tribune Tower competition was in 1922. Winning entry was of Raymond Hood and John Mead Howell [Wood & Howell].

NBC Tower: 1989
454 N Columbus Dr.
Architect: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill

Sheraton Hotel and Towers

Lake Point Tower: 1968
505 N Lake Shore Drive
Architect: Schipporeit Heinrich and Graham, Andreson, Probst & White
It is curving three lobed towers, at the foot of Navy Pier and rises 645 feet.


RIVER NORTH/ RIVER WEST

Chicago Sun-Times building: 1957
[435 N Wabash Avn.]
Designer: Naess & Murphy

IBM building: 1971
[330 N Wabash Avn]
Mies Vander Rohe and C F Murphy Associates

Marina City: 1959
[300 N State St]
Designer: Bertrand Goldberg Associates
It’s Chicago’s first city-within-a-city, with residential, commercial and recreational components. The twin towers have 40 stories of apartments above 20 levels of parking.
The trapezoid-shaped apartments have walls that range from 8-feet long at the core to 21 feet at the balcony.

City of Chicago: Central Office building: 1914
Designer: George C. Nimmons.

Merchandise Mart: 1931 renovated 1986-91
It was built by Marshall Field in 1931 to house wholesale offices and showrooms. This behemoth has a total floor area of four million square feet and is the second largest building in the Unites States, only the Pentagon is bigger.
The building underwent a 1986-91 renovation by Graham Anderson, Prost & White.

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