Tuesday, January 02, 2007

Movies:

CELLULOID:

Chicago is deservedly popular location for movie production.
These very popular movies were filmed in CHICAGO.

- I-Robot
- The Blues Brothers
- Risky Business
- Ferris Bueller' s day off
- Groundhog Day
- The Untouchables
- Planes, Trains & Automobiles
- When Harry met sally
- My Best Friend's Wedding
- Meet the Parents
- Sleepless in Seattle
- Home Alone
- Road to Perdition
- Oceans 11
- Negotaior
- Fugitive
- Primal Fear
- Sixteen candles
- Breakfast club
- Backdraft
- Malcolm X
- North by Northwest

- In the Heat of the Night
- The Sting
- Gladiators
- A League of Their Own
- Wayne's World
- Only the Lonely
- The Package
- Uncle Buck
- Eight Men Out
- Adventures in Baby Sitting
-

Architects of Chicago:

I: William Le Baron Jenney – “father of skyscrapers”
A native of Massachusetts, William Le Baron Jenney (1832-1907) served as an engineer in the Civil War, where he designed fortifications at Corinth, Shiloh, and Vicksburg. He came to Chicago in 1867, forming the firm of Jenney, Schermerhorn and Bogart.
[1] Jenney's firm helped develop Riverside, Illinois, the nation's first planned "railroad suburb."
[2] Jenney also was involved in the planning of Chicago's extensive boulevard system, most notably Douglas, Garfield, and Humboldt parks.

[3] However, Jenney's greatest impact came in his role in the development of the first steel-framed skyscraper, in such designs as the Leiter I Building (1879; demolished), the Home Insurance Building (1884; demolished), and the Leiter II, Ludington, and Manhattan buildings

Jenney's architectural office was a well-known training ground for young architects, including Daniel H. Burnham, William Holabird, Irving K. Pond, Martin Roche, and Louis H. Sullivan

Daniel Burnham – city planner [1893 World Columbia’s Exposition & The Plan of Chicago]
“make no small plans …… “
Raised and educated in Chicago, Daniel Hudson Burnham (1846-1912) gained his early architectural experience with William Le Baron Jenney, the so-called "father of the skyscraper."

[1] Burnham & Root: In 1873, Burnham formed a partnership with John Wellborn Root (1850-1891) that produced such commissions as the Kent House, Masonic Temple (demolished), Monadnock Building, Reliance, Rookery, St. Gabriel's Church, and the Union Stock Yard Gate.
[2] D.H. Burnham & Company: Following Root's death in 1891, the firm became known as D.H. Burnham and Co. Its design output continued to be prodigious, including department stores (Marshall Field's), office buildings (People's Gas and the Railway Exchange, at 122 and 224 S. Michigan, respectively), and public buildings (e.g., park fieldhouses, railroad stations, city halls) all across the country.
[3] Plan of Chicago: Daniel Burnham & his assistant Edward H. Bennett::However, Burnham gained an even greater reputation for his influence as a city planner. He supervised the laying out and construction of the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition and, in 1909, Burnham and his assistant Edward H. Bennett (Michigan Avenue Bridge) prepared The Plan for Chicago, which is considered the nation's first example of a comprehensive planning document. Burnham also worked on other city plans, including ones for Cleveland, San Francisco, Washington, D.C., and Manila in the Phillipines.
[4] Graham Anderson Prost & White: Numerous important architects worked for Burnham's firm, including Peirce Anderson, Charles Atwood (Museum of Science and Industry), Ernest Graham, and Frederick Dinkelberg (35 E. Wacker Building, Heyworth Building). Following his death, the firm continued as Graham, Anderson, Probst and White; its commissions include the Civic Opera Building, Field Building, Field Museum, Merchandise Mart, Union Station, and Wrigley Building. Burnham Park, which is located along Lake Michigan south of the Loop, is named in honor of the famed architect-planner.

Louis Sullivan:
Considered to be one of America's most influential architects, Louis Henry Sullivan (1856- 1924) was born in Boston and initially worked for renowned Philadelphia architect Frank Furness. He came to Chicago in 1873, where he worked briefly for William Le Baron Jenney, the so-called "father of the skyscraper." After a year of study in Paris, Sullivan returned to Chicago and became a draftsman for John Edelman, whose luxuriant organic ornamental designs had a significant influence on Sullivan. In 1879, Sullivan joined the firm of Dankmar Adler (1844 - 1900), one of the city's most outstanding structural engineers.

Adler & Sullivan: Their 15-year architectural partnership produced some of the most important--and influential--structures in the history of American architecture. By boldly rejecting the accepted practice of buildings based on historic design precedents, Adler & Sullivan created original designs that evolved from the functional requirements of each project, as well as the materials and technologies of the time. In doing so, Sullivan created a distinctive style of ornament that embraced natural forms.
Initially, the firm's work was limited to residences and small commercial buildings, such as the Ryerson and Troescher (both demolished), Eliel House, Jewelers' Building, and Kaufmann Store and Flats. However, in the late-1880s and early-1890s, their work grew in scale, with such skyscrapers as the Stock Exchange and Schiller Theater (both demolished), the Auditorium, the Wainwright in St. Louis, Mo., and the Guaranty buildings in Buffalo, N.Y. After the partners split in 1895, Sullivan designed the Carson Pirie Scott department store, the Gage Building, and the Bayard Building in New York. Following the turn of the century, his work largely consisted of small banks, stores, and churches throughout the Midwest, including Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church and, his final design, the Krause Music Store.
• Jewelers' Building
• Auditorium Building
• Carson Pirie Scott
• Gage Group
• Holy Trinity Orthodox Cathedral and Rectory

[IV] Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
Born in Aachen, Germany, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969) initially worked as a draftsman specializing in furniture design and rendering. After working with progressive German architect Peter Behrens, Mies opened his own office in 1914. He soon achieved international recognition as one of the leading figures of modern architecture, through such works as the German Pavilion at the 1929 International Exposition in Barcelona, Spain, and the Tugendhat House in Brno, Czechoslovakia. He also established a reputation in the field of architectural education, having been affiliated with the famed Bauhaus school of design in Germany. He served as its director from 1930 to 1933, when the political pressures of Nazi Germany forced its closing.
In 1938, the Armour Institute of Technology, a modest technical training school on Chicago's near South Side, engaged Mies to take over its architectural program. He also established his own independent architectural practice, and his first client proved to be the school itself, which had merged in 1940 with Lewis Institute to form the Illinois Institute of Technology. Mies helped develop a comprehensive master plan for the campus and designed nearly 20 individual buildings, which comprise the largest and most important collection of Mies buildings anywhere. He also designed dozens of other internationally significant buildings, including the Seagram Building in New York, the Farnsworth House in Plano, IL, and the Federal Center in Chicago.
Mies ranks as one of the most notable architects of the 20th century. With his highly developed sense of classical proportion, appreciation of modern structure and materials, and keen sense of craftsmanship, he created buildings that provided a new style for the 20th century, one that reshaped architecture following World War II. The street in front of Chicago's Museum of Contemporary Art, near Mies' former residence, is named in honor of the architect.
1. 860-880 Lake Shore Drive
2. Crown Hall


-----------------------------
Murphy/Jahn:
One South wacker drive
Citicorp center
120 N lasalle Blg

Kohn Pederson Fox:
333 Wacker Drive
900 N Michigan Avenue
311 South Wacker Drive

Notable Buildings:

Sears Tower
Aon center
Hancock Tower

City Hall
Daley Plaza
JJ Thompson Center
Marqueett
Rookery
Monadonock Blg
Fisher Blg
Gage group
Reliance

NBC Tower
Tribune Tower

Wrigley's Blg
Marina City
Merchandise Mart

333 Wacker Drive
RR Donnelly Blg
Leo Burnett Blg
35 E Wacker Drive - Jeweller's Blg
360 N wacher Drive - [site of Fort Dearborn]

Carbon & Carbide Blg
Mather Tower
Randolph Tower

Prudential - Two
Smurfit
Lake Point Place

Presidentail Towers

Carson Pierie Scott
Marshall Fields

GRANT PARK:
- Millennium Park
- Buckingham Memorial Fountain

Burnham Park
- Adler Planitarium
- Field Museum of Naural History
- John G Shedd Aquarium
- Soldier Field

Magnificient Mile:
- John Hancock Tower
- Water Tower
- Water Tower & Pumping Station
- Tribune Tower
- Wrigley's Blg

River North:
- Marina City
- Merchendise Mart
- Ukrainian Museum

THE LOOP
La Salle Street
- Chicago Board of Trade
- The Rookery
- James R. Thompson center [formerly known as State of Illinois center] Also features Illinois Art gallery

Dearborn Street
- Richard Daley Center
- Monadnock Blg
- Marquette Blg
- Manhatten Blg
- Fisher Blg
- Inland Steel Blg
- First national bank Blg
- Federal Center
- 55 W Monroe Street

Michigan Avenue South of Chicago river:
- Art Institute
- Chicago Cultural center
- Athletic Association Blg
- Auditorium Blg
- Carbon & Carbide Blg
- Fine Arts Blg
- Gage Group
- Hellenic Museum
- Monroe Blg
- people's gas blg [Bennigan's]
- Santa Fe Blg [railway exchange Blg]
- University Club Blg
- 150 N. Michigan Ave,
- 333 N Michigan Aveue
- London Guarantee Blg [360 Michigan Avue] - earlier Fort Dearborn

State Street
- Berghoff
- Carson, Pierie Scott & Company Blg
- Chicago Blg
- Harold Washington Center
- Lieter Blg-II
- Marshall Field & Com
- Reliance Blg

Chicago: Notable Buildings

THE LOOP:
[1] Grant Park:
It is built on landfill in the 1920, according to Daniel Burnham’s Chicago Plan of 1909.It is the site of city’s annual musical galas like Jazz, Blues and Gospel festivals and also the Taste of Chicago.

[2] The Bowman and Spearman:
Two statues on horseback mark’s the entrance to Grant Park.

[3] Clarence Buckingham Fountain:
In 1927, Kate Buckingham presented this Beaux Arts fountain to the city in honor of her brother Clarence. It symbolizes Lake Michigan. Four bronze sea-horses represent four states that border the lake, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota and Michigan. Designer: Bennett, Parsons and Frost.

[4] Amoco Building: 1974
[200 East Randolph Drive]
Designer: Edward Durell Stone with the Perkins & Wills.

[5] Prudential Building: 1955
[130 E Randolph Streets]
Designer: Naess & Murphy
Gray limestone and aluminum structure.

[6] Two Prudential Plaza: ‘Two-Pru’:
[1990 N Stetson Ave]
Designer: Loebl Schlossman & Hacki
Have various shades of gray granite and tinted glass.

[7] 333 North Michigan Avenue: 1928
First Art Deco skyscraper
Desinger: Holabird & Root, based on Eliel Saarinen’s second prize design for tribune Tower.

[8] 360 N. Michigan Avenue: 1923:
Alfred S. Alschuler’s Neo-Classical skyscraper.

[9] Seventeenth Church of Christ Scientist: 1968.
[55 E. Wacker Drive]
Designed by Harry Weese & Associates. This travertine marble church was curved to fit the site.

[10] 35 E. Wacker Drive: 1926 [jewelers' Blg]
[ N Wabash Avn.]
Designer: Helmut Jahn. 17-storyed building has JB worked into Neo-Baroque ornament throughout, as it was originally a Jewelers Building.

[11] Leo Burnett Building: 1989
[35 W. Wacker Drive at N Dearborn Station]
Designer: Robert A.M.Stern.

[12] 225 W. Wacker Drive: 1989
N Franklin St.
Designer: Kohn Pedersen Fox.

[13] 333 W.Wacker Drive: 1983.
Designer; Kohn Pedersen Fox Sheer green glass bowed to follow and reflect Chicago’s river curve.

[14] Presidential Towers: 1986:
[555-625 W.Madison St. ]
Complex of four 49-story apartment.

[15] Riverside Plaza: 1929:
[400 W. Madison St., at N canal St.]
Designer: Holabird & Root
Built right over train tracks leading into Union Station, the train smoke I vented through the roof.

[16] Civic Opera House: 1920:
[20 N.Wacker Drive, between W Madison and W.Washington Sts]
Architects: Graham Andresen, Probst & White.
Has lavishly decorated Art-Deco auditorium.

[17] Chicago Mercantile Exchange:
[30 S. Wacker Drive, between W Monroe and W. Madison]
This is the most boisterous of city’s many trading exchanges. Futures and options on agricultural commodities [think pork bellies], foreign currencies, interest rates, stock market indices and gold are traded.

[18] 311 S. Wacker Drive: 1990
[Between Van Buren St. and W Jackson Blvd]
Architect: Kohn Pedersen Fox.

[19] Sears Tower: 1974
Architects: Skidmore, Owings and Merrill.
[Bounded by W Jackson Blvd and W Adam St, and S Franklin St and S Wacker Dr]
1,453 feet, 110 floors, Skydeck at 103rd floor.
Innovative structural system consists of nine square tubes that together form a larger square. The tubes rise to different levels. Only two of them continue all the way to the top.

[20] AT&T Corporate Centre: 1989
[227 W. Monroe St. at S. Franklin St]
Architect: Skidmore, Owing and Merrill.

[21] 303 W Madison Street: 1988
[St. Franklin St]
Architect: Skidmore. Owings and Merrill.

[22] One S Wacker Drive: 1982
[ W Madison St]
Architect: Helmut Jahn

[23]James R. Thompson Centre: 1985
[Bounded by W Randolph and W Lake Sts, and N Clark and N LaSalle Sts.]
Architect: Murphy/ Jahn
Office for taxes, renewal of drivers licenses and postal servies.

[24] City Hall- County Building: 1911.
Architect: Holabird and Roche
Massive Neo-Classical structure.
Mayor’s office.

[25] Richard J. Daley Centre: 1965
Designed: C F Murphy Assossiates.
Civil courts and city and county offices .
The site has many civic gatherings both organized and spontaneous.
The plaza is home to the Cor-Ten steel Chicago Picasso, installed in 1967. This 50-foot high Cubist sculpture is an abstraction of women’s head.

[26] Rookery Building: 1888
[209 S LaSalle St, at W Adams St]
Designer: Burnham & Root
It has rusticated masonry base, Romanesque arches and Moorish and Venetian details
The building was restored in 1990 by Mc Clier Corporation and Hasbrouck Peterson Associates.

[27] Chicago Temple: 1923
[77 W Washington St]
Designer: Holabird and Roche.
It’s the first Methodist Church of Chicago.

[28] Chicago Board of Trade:
[141 W Jackson Blvd]
1930: Holabird & Root
1980: Murphy/ Jahn‘s addition.
This Art-Deco monument of commerce is equivalent to New York’s Wall Street.
The board was founded by 82 merchants in 1848 to stabilize grain prices and create a regulated marketplace. The institution’s agrarian focus is represented by:
- a 30-foot statue of Ceres, the Roman Goddess of grain, by sculptor John Storr
- Relief sculptors flanking the huge clock over the entrance: a hooded figure holds a shaft of wheat and an Indian holds a stalk of corn.

[29] Chicago Board Options Exchange: 1985
[400 S LaSalle St , W Van Buren St]
Architect: Skidmore, Owing and Merrill
It’s the country’s largest exchange for trading stock options.

A pedestrian bridge that spans Van Buren Street, links Chicago Board of Trade with Chicago Board Options Exchange. This creates the largest continuous trading floor area in the US.

[30] Midwest Stock Exchange:
Buyers and sellers –through their agents- gather to trade stocks of American and foreign businesses. Organized in 1882, it is the second largest exchange in the US and ranks fifth in the world. It is electronically linked with other major US cities.

SOUTH LOOP / BURNHAM PARK:
South Loop is bordered by Congress parkway [north], Cermak Road [south], Lake Michigan [east] and Chicago River [west].
The south loop boasts of:
- Shedd Aquarium
- Field Museum
- Adler planetarium
- Soldier Field
- Mc Cormick Place
- Dearborn park
- Burnham Harbor and
- Meigs Field

Soldier Field:
It’s the home of Chicago Bears football team.
Originally constructed in 1926 by Holabird & Roche, as a war memorial, the stadium has since been remodeled to accommodate football team.

Field Museum of Natural History:
Endowed by Marshall Field Sr., it was designed by D H Burnham & Co. and Graham, Anderson, Probst & White, to resemble Greek temple- the ultimate architectural form of that time. Harry Weese & Associates planned the 1975 extension.

John G Shedd Aquarium: 1930
The world’s largest indoor aquarium was a gift of John G Shedd, Chairman of the board of Marshall Field & Company. Designed by Graham, Anderson, Probst & White.

Adler Planetarium: 1930
This pink granite dodecahedron [each of 12 sides representing sign of the zodiac], designed in 1930 by Ernest A. Grunsfeld Jr., was the country’s first planetarium. It was financed by Sears, Roebuck & Company executive, Max Adler.

Meigs Field: 1947
Named after Merrill C. Meigs, publisher of Chicago Herald and the Chicago American, this airport is used by small commuter airlines and private planes.

McCormick Place: 1971
Architect: Gene Summers
It holds some of the largest conventions in the country, like the annual auto and boat shows.

Burnham Harbor:
From early May to late October, anyone is permitted to launch a boat from here.


MAGNIFICIENT MILE:
Glitzy and ritzy, the magnificent mile is a shopper’s dream come true.
The avenues anchored at its southern tip by the Gothic Tribune Tower and the terra-cotta-clad Wrigley Building and at its northern tip by the palatial Drake hotel and the polished-pink-granite complex know as One Magnificent Mile.

Much of this part of town was under water until a hundred years ago, when a seedy character who called himself Captain Streeter ran a boat aground off Chicago Avenue. When he could not free the boat, he began his own land-fill project. Its growth has been linked to adjacent Near North side, which was being settled in the late 19th century by wealthy citizens.
The 1920 opening of Michigan Avenue Bridge connecting the city’s north and south side was a major spurt in growth. But the major development was in late 1960’s and early 1970’s.

Water Tower: 1969
[800 N Michigan Avn., between E Pearson St and E Chicago Avn]
Architect: WW Boington.
Imitation of Gothic Style, it is one of the few buildings that survived the Great Fire of 1871.

Fourth Presbyterian Church: 1914
Architect: Ralph Adams Cram
Gothic revival church, the ceiling murals were designed by Frederic C Bartlett.

John Hancock Center: Big John: 1970
[875 N Michigan Avenue, between E Delaware and E Chestnut St]
Architect: Skidmore, Owing & Merrill
Its dramatic cross-bracing is part of an ingenious framing system that creates a rigid tube-like tower structurally efficient and resistant to wind.
Observatory at 94th floor
Signature Room: 95th floor
Images Lounge: 96th floor

919 N Michigan Avenue: 1930
Architect: Holabird and Root
Skidmore Owing and Merrill restored it to Art Deco elegance.
Also known as Palmolive building and later the Playboy building.
This limestone building is one of city’s most beautiful Art Deco skyscrapers.

Drake Hotel: 1920
Architect: Benjamin Marshall
This hotel has played host to kings, queens and presidents. It has 535 rooms.

One Magnificent Mile: 1983
[940-980 N Michigan Avn., between E Oak and E Walton St]
Architect: Skidmore, Owing and Merrill
It has three hexagonal cubes of polished pink granite – variously 21, 49 and 58 stories high.
Three vertical malls:
- Water Tower Place
- 900 N Michigan Avenue
- Chicago Place

Water Tower Place: 1976
[835 N Michigan Av., between E Chestnut and E Pearson]
Designer: Loebl Schlossman Dart and Hacki with C F Murphy Associates.
This marble clad reinforced building is one of the first and most successful vertical shopping malls in the country.

900 N Michigan Avenue: 1989
Architect: Kohn Pederson Fox and Perkin & Will
It has the Bloomingdale and Four Seasons hotel.

Chicago Place: 1990
[700 N Michigan Av, between E Huron and E Superior]
Architect:
8 story-retail mall: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
272-room apartment tower: Solomon Cordwell Buenz & Associates.

City Place: 1990
[678 N Michigan Avenue at E Huron St]
Architect: Loebl Schlossman & Hacki
Red granite and blue reflective and tinted glass.

Wrigley Building: 1922
[400 N Michigan Avn, near Chicago river]
Architect: Graham, Anderson, Probst & White
The clock tower has been distinctive landmark at the gateway of N Michigan Avn.

Tribune Tower: 1924
[435 N Michigan Avenue]
Tribune Tower competition was in 1922. Winning entry was of Raymond Hood and John Mead Howell [Wood & Howell].

NBC Tower: 1989
454 N Columbus Dr.
Architect: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill

Sheraton Hotel and Towers

Lake Point Tower: 1968
505 N Lake Shore Drive
Architect: Schipporeit Heinrich and Graham, Andreson, Probst & White
It is curving three lobed towers, at the foot of Navy Pier and rises 645 feet.


RIVER NORTH/ RIVER WEST

Chicago Sun-Times building: 1957
[435 N Wabash Avn.]
Designer: Naess & Murphy

IBM building: 1971
[330 N Wabash Avn]
Mies Vander Rohe and C F Murphy Associates

Marina City: 1959
[300 N State St]
Designer: Bertrand Goldberg Associates
It’s Chicago’s first city-within-a-city, with residential, commercial and recreational components. The twin towers have 40 stories of apartments above 20 levels of parking.
The trapezoid-shaped apartments have walls that range from 8-feet long at the core to 21 feet at the balcony.

City of Chicago: Central Office building: 1914
Designer: George C. Nimmons.

Merchandise Mart: 1931 renovated 1986-91
It was built by Marshall Field in 1931 to house wholesale offices and showrooms. This behemoth has a total floor area of four million square feet and is the second largest building in the Unites States, only the Pentagon is bigger.
The building underwent a 1986-91 renovation by Graham Anderson, Prost & White.